Create an error
Let's say that we have some kind of error, and we want to debug it. To simulate this, we'll start with the code from Basic Usage and make a bad change.
First, let's change
manifestUri by removing the last letter.
const manifestUri = 'https://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp';
Now reload the page. This causes an error in the JS console that says "Error code 1001".
Looking up error codes
Look at the Error we just logged. It has
code: 1001. To find
out what that means, check the docs for shaka.util.Error. There we find
An HTTP network request returned an HTTP status that indicated a failure. error.data is the URI. ...
So some HTTP request failed, and we can see the failed URI in
Loading the debug library
The compiled library has no usable stack traces and no logging. So to get more information, we need to switch to the debug library. The debug library is still compiled into a single bundle, but logging and other debug features are enabled.
To load the debug version of the library instead of the compiled version, just change "compiled.js" to "compiled.debug.js" in our HTML file:
<head> <!-- Shaka Player debug library: --> <script src="shaka-player.compiled.debug.js"></script> <!-- Your application source: --> <script src="myapp.js"></script> </head>
Once we're using the debug library, we will be able to see detailed logs and line numbers for errors.
HEAD http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp 404 (Not Found) http_plugin.js:94 HEAD http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp 404 (Not Found) http_plugin.js:94 HEAD request to guess manifest type failed! shaka.util.Error manifest_parser.js:179 Error code 1001 object shaka.util.Error myapp.js:45
We have a little more information from the library now, and we can expand the Error object and see a human-readable message and a stack trace:
shaka.util.Error category: 1 code: 1001 data: Array 0: "http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp" 1: 404 2: "" length: 3 message: "Shaka Error NETWORK.BAD_HTTP_STATUS (...)" stack: "Error: Shaka Error NETWORK.BAD_HTTP_STATUS (http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp,404,) at new shaka.util.Error (http://localhost/shaka/lib/util/error.js:77:13) at XMLHttpRequest.xhr.onload (http://localhost/shaka/lib/net/http_plugin.js:70:16)"
With the information from the debug library, we have the error name as well as the code. So we could avoid looking up the number in the documentation. The stack trace gives us clues about where the error was generated, so we can look more closely at the source code if we need to.
Setting the log level
Sometimes the error and stack trace isn't enough. Sometimes you need to see a long sequence of events leading up to an error. You may also be asked to attach logs as part of a bug report to help the Shaka Player team understand your bug.
For this, you want to set the log level. The log level lets you control what
logs are shown by the debug library. To set the log level, add one of these to
the top of
initApp() in myapp.js:
// Debug logs, when the default of INFO isn't enough: shaka.log.setLevel(shaka.log.Level.DEBUG); // Verbose logs, which can generate a lot of output: shaka.log.setLevel(shaka.log.Level.V1); // Verbose 2, which is extremely noisy: shaka.log.setLevel(shaka.log.Level.V2);
Please note that this method is not available from the compiled library.
If we set the level to
V1 and reload, we get something like this in the
HEAD http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp 404 (Not Found) http_plugin.js:94 Unable to find byte-order-mark, making an educated guess. string_utils.js:130 HTTP error text: http_plugin.js:69 HEAD http://storage.googleapis.com/shaka-demo-assets/angel-one/dash.mp 404 (Not Found) http_plugin.js:94 Unable to find byte-order-mark, making an educated guess. string_utils.js:130 HTTP error text: http_plugin.js:69 HEAD request to guess manifest type failed! shaka.util.Error manifest_parser.js:179 load() failed: shaka.util.Error player.js:498 Error code 1001 object shaka.util.Error myapp.js:48
So much more information! We can now see that the failed HEAD request caused load() to fail.
Advanced: Loading the uncompiled library
To do rapid testing and development, you can also load the uncompiled library.
This allows you to edit files and just hit the "reload" button in the browser
to see changes immediately. This approach is trickier than using the debug
library, because the entire source tree needs to be available to your web
server, and because the individual sources can't be moved relative to the files
Instead of the single-file compiled library, we need to load three scripts in our HTML file:
- A dependency file which maps Shaka's class names to source files. This is how Closure's base library can locate all of Shaka's individual source files.
- The uncompiled Shaka library's bootstrap file, "shaka-player.uncompiled.js". This uses Closure to load the top-level parts of the library. Each of those files in turn load their internal dependencies.
Once we're using the uncompiled library, we will be able to reload quickly without rebuilding.
<head> <!-- Closure base: --> <script src="third_party/closure/goog/base.js"></script> <!-- Deps file: --> <script src="dist/deps.js"></script> <!-- Shaka Player uncompiled library: --> <script src="shaka-player.uncompiled.js"></script> <!-- Your application source: --> <script src="myapp.js"></script> </head>
To sum up, remember these points when debugging your application:
- Use the debug version of Shaka Player for debugging and integration work
- Refer to the docs for error codes
- Increase the log level when you need more detail
Continue the Tutorials
Next, check out Configuration.